Bergamot is able to bring enormous benefits to the health of the organism: it is a fruit belonging to the Rutaceae family, particularly loved and appreciated all over the world for its scent, a little less for the taste that you have to get used to, as happens with lemon. Never have so many medical studies focused on a citrus fruit, such as on bergamot for its characteristics as an ally of health and our body.
Bergamot – whose scientific name is Citrus Bergamia Risso & Poit – is a fruit belonging to the Rutaceae family and produced by the fruit tree of the same name. It is grown almost exclusively on the Ionian coast of Reggio in Calabria, south Italy. The characteristics and the titration are expressed only in this small strip of land. The fruit of the bergamot is characterized by the yellow color of its fragrant peel, as well as by its sphericity – the bergamots are similar in shape to oranges – inside it has juicy wedges.
The best months to buy bergamots are from December to February, or when they are most useful for the health of the body: during the winter months, in fact, bergamot contributes to strengthening the immune system.
Bergamot contains water, proteins, vitamins – such as vitamin A, those of group B, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin J and vitamin P – mineral salts – such as iron, calcium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, zinc, copper , manganese and magnesium – folic acid and fiber. There are amino acids, such as aspartic acid and extraordinary pure and even some unique flavonoids, neoesperidin, hesperetin (aglycone), neoeriocitrin, eriodicthiol (aglycone), naringin and naringenin (aglycone), brutieridin and melitidine.
The benefits of bergamot
The benefits of bergamot for the body are manifold. This fruit is very useful for the immune system, which is able to strengthen: particularly rich in vitamin C, it is indicated during the winter when the immune defenses are put to the test, as it reduces the risk of contracting various seasonal diseases. The high content of vitamin C is excellent for brain health and to make it reactive.
From this fruit, it is also possible to obtain an essential oil to fight cellulite, in addition to performing a purifying and antiseptic function for the body: it protects it, in fact, from infections and diseases and is excellent in case of bronchitis or asthma, in aromatherapy , bergamot is used to promote feelings of well-being – especially in case of stress – this fruit helps to reduce nervous tension.
Let’s see all the properties of bergamot.
The anticancer properties
Several studies have shown that bergamot has anticancer properties, especially with regard to cancer of the digestive tract and liver. According to some scholars, drinking a glass of bergamot juice a day would reduce the risk of developing liver cancer. According to the results of research conducted by the University of Messina, bergamot has anticancer properties, thanks to its flavonoids that reduce the growth of cancer cells and their metastatic capacity. Other researchers, on the other hand, claim that the consumption of bergamot juice is cytotoxic to breast cancer cells.
Properties for the heart and brain
This citrus fruit also protects against heart disease and reduces the risk of stroke. Consuming bergamot juice is beneficial for those suffering from high blood pressure: it helps regulate blood pressure and also lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood. The antioxidant properties and flavonoids present in bergamot are also able to prevent the oxidation of LDL lipoproteins and, therefore, the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, reducing the amount of triglycerides and the so-called “bad cholesterol”.
The anti-flu properties
Bergamots are rich in vitamin C: it is therefore advisable to consume this fruit during the cold season, to protect our body from typical ailments of the period, such as colds, fever, sore throat, cough and flu. , in general.
The calming properties
For those suffering from anxiety, it may be helpful to use the essential oil of bergamot with its well-known calming properties: this has, in fact, relaxing properties, helping to fight insomnia, stress, depression and other similar diseases. Also, adding a few drops of bergamot essential oil to a warm bath can help relax the muscles.
Properties for the skin
There are also benefits for skin health: bergamot contains, in fact, limonene and this makes it an excellent antioxidant – it counteracts the activity of free radicals – and, for this reason, it is often used in the preparation of anti – aging, which make the skin softer and more hydrated.
Bergamot oil – obtained from the peel of the fruit – is also an excellent ally from a cosmetic point of view: it has, in fact, draining and purifying properties and prevents cellulite, if used to massage the legs, which facilitate the reabsorption of liquids and counteract their stagnation. Bergamot oil also represents a cure for skin stretch marks.
Vitamin C also protects mucous membranes and capillaries and not to be forgotten are the purifying, emollient and stimulating properties of bergamot.
The neuroprotective properties
Bergamot is useful in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s: oxidative stress and chronic inflammatory state have, in fact, a fundamental role in its appearance, so the abundance of flavonoids in bergamot can decrease oxidative stress. , giving this fruit its neuroprotective properties.
The slimming properties
Bergamot is useful against obesity and as an ally in weight loss: the polyphenols contained in it, in fact, have proved useful in modulating lipid metabolism, facilitating weight loss.
Properties against diabetes
In case of diabetes, this fruit can counteract oxidative stress and, consequently, decrease the risk for the development and complications related to diabetes. In addition, the flavonoids contained in this fruit – such as naringenin and hesperidin – boast antioxidant and anti-hyperglycemic activities.
The anti-inflammatory properties
There is no lack of anti-inflammatory properties for bergamot: according to some recent studies, in fact, naringenin produces therapeutic effects in the presence of inflammatory pain, giving an anti-inflammatory response.
The properties against anemia
Being particularly rich in vitamin C, the consumption of mandarins is recommended in combination with foods rich in iron: in this way, in fact, it is possible to increase the absorption of iron and fight anemia.
Finally, there are no particular side effects related to the consumption of bergamot, except in the case of allergies or intolerances to the same. However, it is important to ask your doctor for advice and the exact doses regarding the consumption of bergamot and bergamot wing products.